Logistics Shipping Service LLC Pipelines are used to move crude oil from the wellhead to gathering and processing facilities and from there to refineries and tanker loading facilities. Product pipelines ship gasoline, jet fuel, and diesel fuel from the refinery to local distribution facilities. Crude oil is collected from field gathering systems consisting of pipelines that move oil from the wellhead to storage tanks and treatment facilities where the oil is measured and tested. From the gathering system the crude oil is sent to a pump station where the oil delivered to the pipeline. Booster pumps are located along the pipeline to maintain the pressure and keeps the oil flowing. Pipelines require significantly less energy to operate than operating trucks or rail and have a much lower carbon footprint. More importantly, pipeline has proved to result in fewer fatalities, injuries, and environmental damage than other options. Almost 500,000 miles of interstate pipeline interweave America, carrying crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas.